Sunday, April 28, 2013

Intentional Love (Mark 12.28-31)

Sermon by: Nick Leone - April 28, 2013
Nick is Regional Director of Apartment Life Ministries


:: Some Music Used
Prelude: "God So Loved the World" (Kirkpatrick/arr. Curry)
Hymn of Praise: "Christ for the World We Sing" (ITALIAN HYMN)
Song of Praise: "God of This City" (Boyd, et al.)
The Word in Music: "True Light" (Keith Hampton)

Offering of Music: "You Said" (Reuben Morgan)
Hymn of Sending: "Hear the Call of the Kingdom" (Getty/Townend
)
Postlude: "Chorale Prelude on 'Duke Street'" (Jan Bender)

"Intentional Love"
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Text: Romans 6:1-3,8-13


**Sermon audio is also accessible as a free podcast in iTunes - search for "Good Shepherd Sermons or Robert Austell"**




Sunday, April 21, 2013

The Resurrection Life - Gracious Freedom (Romans 6.1-3,14-23)

Sermon by: Robert Austell - April 21, 2013

:: Some Music Used
Prelude: "Arise, My Soul, Arise" (Indelible Grace)
Song of Praise: "O For a Thousand Tongues" (David Crowder)
Hymn of Praise: "I Will Sing of My Redeemer" (HYFRYDOL)
The Word in Music: "A New Psalm of Celebration" (Joseph Martin)
Offering of Music: "I Will Sing New Songs of Gladness" (Dvorak)
Song of Sending: "
Arise, My Soul, Arise" (Indelible Grace)
Postlude: "Fugue and Ciacona" (Buxtehude)

"The Resurrection Life: Gracious Freedom"
(Click triangle to play in browser; Left-click link to play in new window; or right-click to save)
Text: Romans 6:1-3,8-13


**Sermon audio is also accessible as a free podcast in iTunes - search for "Good Shepherd Sermons or Robert Austell"**


This is our third week of talking about “life after Easter” – why the resurrection of Jesus matters for us. We have been and continue to be in Romans 6, where the Apostle Paul is offering a series of images to explain our connection to the died-and-risen Jesus.

We’ve talked about being buried and raised with Jesus; we’ve talked about being united to Jesus like a man and woman united in marriage; we’ve talked about being dead to sin and alive in Christ; we’ve talked about presenting ourselves to God as instruments for His good and right purposes rather than presenting ourselves to sin as weapons to hurt and destroy ourselves and others.

This week, in verses 14-23, Paul offers one more picture of resurrection life in Christ: freedom from slavery. Paul goes to some lengths to chart out two different paths our lives can take, one enslaved to sin and one offered in service to God through Jesus Christ. Today we’ll look at those paths: similar in some ways, but radically different in where they lead us. And we will consider finally what it means to be truly free in Christ.

Two Mutually Exclusive Alternatives


The overall image Paul uses in these verses is one of slavery and freedom. Actually, to be more accurate, his image is of slavery to one of two masters. Either we are slaves to sin or we are slaves to righteousness. A problem for us reading this is that slavery is such a negative image, that Paul’s language drives home the dangers of enslavement to sin, but may not lead us running with joy toward Jesus! When we hear “slavery” we think of the horrible practice of forced enslavement of one race by another as practiced in our country from the 17th-19th centuries. When Paul speaks of slavery, he is describing a Roman practice of paying off large debts. When the debt was paid, a slave in the Roman Empire could buy their freedom. I know the language stirs up different and stronger images for us, but if you can stick with his point (and it is only an illustration after all), he will show that slavery to Jesus Christ is no slavery at all, but a joyous freedom.

Paul continues to hold up the alternatives, moving through a series of comparisons and contrasts.  Let’s look at some:

Under Law/Grace (v. 14) – Paul begins by exhorting the Christian, “Sin shall not be master over you!” His reason…? You are not under law but under grace. The Law (specifically God’s Law) is for humanity mastered by sin. It is like the water the Samaritan woman drew from the well. Jesus told her she would be thirsty again. But he offered something different, something more. God’s grace through Jesus Christ is living water, sufficient for sin once and for all. God’s grace is not measured out like the Law, one pardon for one sin, but as an extravagant ocean of grace, wastefully sufficient for all the sin in us. Why then can Paul say, “Sin shall not be master over you?” It is because our debt is paid. We owe nothing for our sin. We need not work off our guilt or shame. It is finished and we owe the Law nothing, for Jesus has paid it all on our behalf.

Presenting to Sin/Righteousness (v. 16) – Paul goes on to ask more questions: “Do you not know that when you present yourselves to someone as slaves for obedience, you are slaves of the one whom you obey…?” He picks up his language of “presenting ourselves” from earlier verses (remember last week’s military language?). It is not enough that a sin-debt is paid if we keep showing up to make payment. Imagine if someone paid off all your debts – credit cards, mortgage, everything. You are free, right? But what if you keep presenting payment month after month as if the debt still existed? That’s what Paul is describing. As long as you are presenting yourselves in this way, you are still enslaved, even if in reality you are free! Who would do that, right? But we do it all the time!

Resulting in Death/Righteousness (v. 16) – In verse 16 Paul goes on to spell out the consequences of “presenting ourselves.” If we present ourselves to sin, the end-result is death. If we present ourselves in obedience to Christ, the end-result is righteousness. As we’ve seen in past weeks, this is not because we can generate our own righteousness, but because we are united to Christ in his death and resurrection, thereby gaining HIS righteousness as our own. (Cue all the marriage analogies I made!) How do we “present ourselves to Christ?”

Two Paths: Impurity and Lawlessness; Righteousness and Sanctification (v. 19) – Paul continues for a while with his analogy, then pauses in verse 19 to remind us that this is all analogy: “I am speaking in human terms” (of a heavenly reality). Then he gets more specific about what this slavery and servitude looks like in day to day life. Presenting ourselves to sin looks like this: “you presented your members as slaves to impurity and to lawlessness, resulting in further lawlessness.” It’s an ever-increasing spiral of sin. The alternative works in somewhat the same way: “So now present your members as slaves to righteousness, resulting in sanctification.” That is to say, when we present ourselves to Christ and are united with his righteousness, life begins to look different! Remember, that’s where we started two weeks ago: life looks different! Scripture also describes that sanctification process as “being transformed into the likeness of Jesus Christ.” When we follow him, when we serve him, we become more like him.  Either way, we aren't standing still; either we are moving towards lawlessness (ironic, right, for those “under Law”!) or toward sanctification.

“Benefits and Wages”: truth and lies


Paul now goes on to spend several verses examining what I will lump together as the “benefits and wages” of the two paths he has been describing. We are human; we like to ask, “What’s in it for me?” Paul gives us some answers and, in the process, sorts out the lies from the truth.

First, he says that blind freedom is no benefit (and no true freedom). It’s there in verse 20: “For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness.” That’s the lure of sin, right? I can do anything I want. I’m free of God’s rules and laws and right way of doing things. It sure looks and feels like freedom for a while, until you realize how enslaved you are by it. And that’s what Paul points out in verse 21 when he asks, “Therefore what benefit were you then deriving…? There is, in fact, NO benefit, because benefit means “good thing (done).” The outcome of those things is death and that’s no good thing! Plus, he adds that these are things “of which you are now ashamed.” The person enslaved to sin is so “free” of righteousness that often they cannot even see the shame or wrongness in what they are doing.

In contrast, freedom from sin and “enslavement to God” is no true enslavement, for its result is sanctification (growing more like Christ) and the outcome is eternal life. Now those are truly good things or benefits.

What about wages? What’s the payout? In what has become one of the better known verses of the New Testament, we read in verse 23 that “the wages of sin is death.” That also reveals the nature of the so-called “freedom” of life apart from God. What’s in it for me ultimately is death, not to mention quite a bit of destruction along the way, depending on what particular sins we indulge. In contrast, the “wages” we get from serving God cannot properly be called wages: it is a “free gift” and is eternal life in Christ.

If you have struggled with the language of “enslavement to God,” then this is where it may begin to make sense. Paul was, as he told us, speaking in human terms. Or, as I would say, using an analogy; and analogies are not perfect.

It’s also an analogy full of irony. We tend to see a life apart from God as “freedom” – we are free to do what we want and answer to no one. But, Paul says, that is true enslavement because sin masters us. And there is no benefit, because the wages are death. On the other hand, many see a life of following Jesus Christ as rules, regulations, and lack of freedom… a kind of “slavery.” But, says Paul, that is true freedom and the benefits are real. And “wages” isn’t even the right word because what we receive is a free gift. That makes our relationship to God not one of obligation, but voluntary. We are not slaves paying off a debt, but people freely serving God in gratitude and love.

Forgetting the Old, Living the New


Finally, a word about how this plays out in our lives…

Having said all that I did about the Roman practice of slavery being different than what we think of, I do think our own history can help us understand a part of this: the difficult struggle of forgetting the old life and living the new. In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued the “Emancipation Proclamation,” declaring an end to slavery as a primary goal of the Civil War. It was made a legal reality in 1865 with the 13th Amendment. In a very real sense, those actions parallel the work of Christ, whose actions declared and won victory over sin and death. But the implementation of both realities was a longer struggle. Former slaves, rejoicing to be free, would nonetheless have to learn how to live as free. A whole society and culture – white and black – ingrained with generations of slavery, would have to learn how to live out the new reality. In terms of behavior, attitudes, customs, and habits, the new reality was not like flipping a light switch, but a hard and slow change.

So it is with the resurrection life. Jesus has declared the new reality and secured it with his body and blood. A war has been waged against the powers of sin and death, at great cost. And in Christ we have been set free. But we don’t know how to do that. It is often easier to keep doing what we had been doing. It can even be strangely comforting to stick with the familiar, even if it ultimately enslaves us unto death. THAT is the struggle.

So how do we live the life God has won for us? In addition to choosing obedience, which Paul has highlighted throughout this chapter, it also seems we have to learn to trust God. The Good News is that God requires but does not demand our allegiance. In Christ, God has set us free and paid the debt we could not pay. And God gives us good things – benefits like freedom and eternal life – not because we earn them, but because He loves us. The resurrection life is not a requirement; it is an opportunity. It is not Law, but Grace. It is not slavery, but freedom and life. Thanks be to God!



Sunday, April 14, 2013

The Resurrection Life - Formerly Dead (Romans 6.1-3,8-13)

Sermon by: Robert Austell - April 14, 2013

:: Some Music Used
Prelude: "Morning Has Broken" (arr. Wyrtzen)
Song of Praise: "Ancient of Days" (Sadler/Harvill)
Hymn of Praise: "We Come, O Christ, to You" (DARWALL'S 148th)
The Word in Music: "Here I Am, Lord" (Schutte/Courtney)
Offering of Music: "Like a River Glorious" (Bobby White, piano) (arr. White/Youngblood)
Song of Sending: "Fill Me Now" (Hansen/Peppin)
Postlude: "Crown Him with Many Crowns" (Reuss)

"The Resurrection Life: Formerly Dead"
(Click triangle to play in browser; Left-click link to play in new window; or right-click to save)
Text: Romans 6:1-3,8-13


**Sermon audio is also accessible as a free podcast in iTunes - search for "Good Shepherd Sermons or Robert Austell"**


Last week we began a three week follow-up to Easter, called “The Resurrection Life.” We are looking at Romans 6 to try to understand better the implications of the Easter message that Jesus was raised from the dead FOR US. What are the implications of the “for us?”

Last week we started with the claim that because of a risen Jesus, life looks different for those who trust and follow him. In Romans 6, that difference specifically has to do with sin, the things which go against God and His best for us. We read of a new reality in Christ: our sin has been buried with Christ and we are raised to new life. But that new reality rubs up against our experience: we continue to sin! So what’s the deal?

We talked a little about the mechanics of this reality. Through faith we are united with Jesus, including his death and resurrection. That union is signified by our baptism kind of like a marriage union is signified by a wedding ring. Putting the ring on, or even the actual marriage, doesn’t magically work life out for us; we can ignore our “marriage reality” just as surely as we can ignore our “resurrection reality.” But with those new realities – those covenanted unions – comes the opportunity to choose obedience and live them out faithfully in our lives.  That’s what the Apostle Paul is getting at in Romans. Through faith we are now united to the risen Jesus, so we have the opportunity to live for him. That indeed makes life very different – as different (even more so!) than being single and being joined in marriage.

Last week I said that Paul would give us three illustrations to understand this new resurrection reality. Last week he talked about being buried and raised with Christ. This week, in verses 8-13, Paul continues talking about death and resurrection, but shifts a little bit to introduce a new part of the picture. He introduces some specific military imagery, which we will consider today.
 
United with Christ


Paul began Romans 6 with several questions about sin, which also introduced the concept of our being united with Christ through baptism. Paul also began explaining this union using buried/raised language, but now shifts in verse 8 to similar (but different) dead/alive language. Listen again to verse 8: “Now if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him.” 

What’s the difference between buried/raised and dead/alive?  Both are apt illustrations, but the first is more passive: it is something that is done to us; a reality beyond our control. But as we noted last week, there is also a role for human choice and obedience in all this and Paul seems to be moving from “here is what God has done” (buried and raised you) to “here is the way to experience it” (die and live with Christ!) And so he repeats himself about being united with Christ, but now we must choose to die and live. 

Let’s see what is true of Christ, since he is the one with whom we are united through faith. Look at verses 9-10:

“…knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, is never to die again; death no longer is master over him. For the death that he died, he died to sin once for all; but the life that he lives, he lives to God.”
There are several things to highlight. First, Christ has beat sin and death once and for all. And we are united with him! While you might take that to mean that a Christian will never sin, we know that not to be true. The more helpful metaphor (and this is precisely where Paul will go with it) is that Jesus Christ has won the great victory over sin and death. That battle has been fought and won and the victory secured. However, there are still skirmishes all over as that victory is worked out in human lives, around the world, and through history. Until Jesus returns and every knee bows to acknowledge him Lord, those skirmishes remain. People haven’t gotten the news, or forget the victory, or realize God’s enemy hasn’t yet acknowledged defeat.

The second thing to highlight in verses 9-10 is that the “life that he lives, he lives to God.” I think of Lazarus in terms of that passive and active resurrection. Lazarus, much like we who trust Christ, was raised to life. It was beyond his power or control, and more than a little mysterious. But from that moment on, when he gazed upon Jesus’ face, he had to make his own decision to live life again, moreover to life it to God. He could have turned away, come to forget the miraculous as a hazy dream, or even figuratively crawled back in the cave to die. But part two of being raised in the power of Christ was choosing to live in grateful and loving obedience to Christ. That’s what it means to “live to God.”

Enlisted with Gratitude


And so Paul gets verse 11, where he charges his readers with that active obedience: “Consider yourselves to be dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus.” How are we to do that?

Paul gives two negative challenges and one positive one.

First negative: “Do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its lusts.” (v. 12) The picture is of influence and obedience: sin can become like a king or ruler or master over us. But it’s our choice; we choose whom we serve. And if we let it, sin will command our lusts and our choices and our lives.

Second negative: “Do not go on presenting the members of your body to sin as instruments of unrighteousness.” (v. 13a) It’s clear that we can’t even pin our behavior on something out of our control. It’s a daily and moment-by-moment choice. To serve sin (and, we might admit, to serve God) we must “go on presenting” ourselves to one or the other. And that’s right where Paul turns next, to serving God.

Third positive: “But present yourselves to God…” (v. 13b) So that’s a start on how we die to sin and live to God. We acknowledge God as the king, ruler, or master over us. We look to God to reign over us. We turn to God in obedience. And we do it day by day, with God’s help.

Tucked away in verses 11-13 are a particular image. We touched on it by naming the authority sin or God can have in our lives, but Paul really fleshes it out quite a bit more. It’s obscured a bit in English, particularly to our modern ears. Twice, when Paul uses the word “presenting,” that’s a military image. We still use it; it’s just not our first use for “presenting.” It is the image of presenting arms before one’s commanding officer. It is a picture of being prepared, primed, present, and ready for battle. It is also a sign of respect, of willingness to obey, serve, and be led. And then also twice, Paul uses the word “instruments.” That word can mean “weapons” as in “instruments of war.” In this context, I'd suggest that is what Paul has in mind.

How does that image of a soldier presenting his or her weapons as ready for battle describe the Christian’s daily choice to die to sin and live to God?

We have a choice of whom to serve, of whom our “commanding officer” will be. Though Jesus has won the battle, literally saving our lives, we may yet not choose to present ourselves in service to him. In that case we are, in effect, presenting ourselves to sin as our commanding officer, even offering our bodies (and minds) as weapons to be used for unrighteous purposes.  Or, in response to Jesus saving us (those “alive from the dead” in v. 13), we can choose to present ourselves to him as our authority, offering our bodies and minds as weapons… perhaps now rightly turned from weapons to “tools” or “instruments” for what is good and right.

Will our bodies and minds be weapons of destruction for sin or tools of righteousness in God’s hands?

Having been saved from death to life, we have the opportunity for a kind of “grateful enlistment” in service to God, the One who saved us.

Those words famously declared by Joshua in Old Testament times prove most appropriate now: “Choose this day whom you will serve!”

The Resurrection Life


As we continue to try to understand and experience the “resurrection life,” we are reminded for the second week that God invites us to choose obedience. Jesus Christ has done the hard work – the impossible work – of defeating sin and death and living to God. And we are united to him in faith! Last week we looked at marriage as one picture of that union. It’s a new reality the moment it happens, but we must choose to live in it each day. Today we looked at serving and presenting ourselves to God as a soldier would a commanding officer who saved his or her life. Again, it requires us to choose to serve.

Next week we will conclude with a third image having to do with slavery, mastery, and wages. There again, we will wrestle with the reality God has declared in Christ and the disconnect we so often experience day to day.

As for this day and the next, let us live to God, choosing to present ourselves in service with thankfulness and joy! Amen.




Sunday, April 7, 2013

The Resurrection Life - Buried and Raised (Romans 6.1-7)

Sermon by: Robert Austell - April 7, 2013

:: Some Music Used
Prelude: "This Joyful Eastertide" (Ronald Nelson)
Hymn of Praise: "I Will Sing of My Redeemer" (HYFRYDOL)
Song of Praise: "In Christ Alone" (Getty, Townend)
The Word in Music: "I Will Glory in My Redeemer" (Enfield)
Offering of Music: "The Day of Resurrection" (Smart, arr. Craig Curry)
Song of Sending: "You Have Been Raised" (Sovereign Grace)

Postlude: "We Know that Christ is Raised" (Craig Phillips)

"The Resurrection Life: Buried and Raised"
(Click triangle to play in browser; Left-click link to play in new window; or right-click to save)
Text: Romans 6:1-7


**Sermon audio is also accessible as a free podcast in iTunes - search for "Good Shepherd Sermons or Robert Austell"**


We are fresh off of Easter and for some a spring break. Spring itself is coming, and with it the promise of new life.  On Easter Sunday we talked about why the Resurrection of Jesus matters. It matters because Jesus goes before us, first fruits of something beyond death. It matters because the curse of sin and death, begun with Adam, is being undone. And it matters because God is working in those who trust and follow Christ to “make us alive.” So just like the vegetation and flowers and world around us coming to life again with Spring, so we are made new through the Resurrection of Jesus Christ.

And so, in these several weeks after Easter, we are going to look at Romans 6 and talk about the “Resurrection Life,” trying to understand better what that new life in Christ means, what it looks like, and how we can more fully live in it.


Life Looks Different!

The first thing to say is that because of Jesus Christ life looks different! He makes a difference in one’s life. If life with Christ and life without Christ look no different, then we have missed something crucial about who Jesus is, what he has done, and what he is doing even now. We could talk about that in a number of ways, but the place Paul picks up in chapter six of his Letter to the Romans has to do with sin. That is an appropriate place for us to start as well since one of the tangible ways we talked about Jesus’ resurrection mattering last Sunday was in the “undoing” of the curse of sin and death. It is logical then to ask, “What about sin?” If it’s been undone and all, why is there still sin? Why do I still sin?

One quick answer is one we still sometimes hear today, that sin doesn’t matter because God’s grace abounds! God has forgiven it all and we shouldn’t get wrapped up in naming sin, judging sin, or paying much attention to sin, because God will forgive it. But Paul nips that in the bud, asking “Are we to continue in sin so that grace may increase?” Paul’s response is: “May it never be!” Clearly, we not only continue to sin, but we should struggle against it. What follows is an explanation of how we are then to live, particularly with regard to sin. 


How Does that Work?

After Paul’s “May it never be!” he goes on to ask two more questions that will set up what follows. The first question is: “How shall we who died to sin still live in it?” The second is related to it: “Or do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus have been baptized into His death?”

Both are rhetorical, meaning the point is not just coming up with the answer, but understanding the answer and why Paul asked the question. What Paul is trying to remind us of with these questions is our new reality because of Good Friday and Easter. Jesus did not need to die and be raised for his own sake. If Jesus death and resurrection were not FOR US, then there was no point to them. Last Sunday we talked about what happened to Jesus; now we are focusing on the FOR US part.

Paul describes those who trust in Jesus Christ as those who have “died to sin” and are “baptized into Jesus’ death.” Those are not conditions of Jesus’s work; you don’t have to stop sinning for Jesus to die for you.  That wouldn’t even make sense because then he wouldn’t have had to die! No, these are the RESULTS of Jesus’ work. Because Jesus died, we have died to sin. That is one of things baptism signifies; that we are marked by his action.  That’s what Paul wants you to understand with his two questions. You have died to sin because you belong to Jesus and he died to sin… don’t you know it?

Let me try to illustrate. If the IRS sent Heather a tax bill next week that said she owed taxes on our family income, she or I could respond legitimately by saying, “How shall I who have paid my taxes still owe taxes?”  Did she do the Austell family taxes or send them anything? Not personally, but listen to this second question while you are looking at verse 3.  “Or do you not know that all of us who wear this wedding ring can file jointly and pay in that way?”  I realize that anyone can put on a wedding ring, but so can anyone splash water and say they’ve been baptized. The point is that the covenant of marriage, signified by a ring, enables one to be fully represented by another. So the covenant of baptism, rightly used, enables one to be fully represented by another. So, baptized into Christ, who has died to sin means that I have died to sin.

Now, living like that’s reality is another thing! Perhaps that’s why Paul offers several of his own illustrations to help us understand. This week we will look at the first of his illustrations, that with Christ we have been buried and raised


First Picture: Buried and Raised

Paul’s first illustration or picture is that we have been buried and raised with Christ. We have been buried with Him into death and raised to “walk in newness of life.” (v. 4) Clearly, this is not literal, as we have not been physically buried. But it is one of the things we illustrate in baptism, and baptism is specifically mentioned here. So we are joined to Christ in faith, signified through baptism, by God’s gracious love toward us. And so when Christ was crucified, our debt was joined to him; our “body of sin” was joined to him and put to death (v. 6). And when he was buried, our debt and the consequence of sin was complete. When God raised Jesus from the dead in victory OVER sin and death, we too were raised (still joined to him), but no longer under the curse of sin and death.

That doesn’t seem to jive with reality, does it? Sin and death still seem to be all around us, including IN us. And Paul would certainly agree; he wouldn’t have had to write this chapter if sinning no more was a done deal for Christians.

So what he HAS said is that there is a new reality. A new life and a new way of living has been secured by Christ, but we continue to struggle with the old patterns, the old rules, and the way things have always been.

We will see in the coming weeks that Paul uses words like “consider” and “remember” and “do not let” – there are still choices before us - choices of obedience. We have to CHOOSE to live as those who have been buried and raised with Christ.

Does that seem farfetched? Think again of the wedding ring. It signifies commitment, but we still have to choose commitment. The ring or even the reality of being joined in marriage doesn't do commitment for us. In the same way, we must choose obedience to honor our being joined to Christ.

So Paul declares a glorious reality: through Jesus Christ sin and the curse have been buried and we are raised to a new resurrection life. But as I said earlier, living like that’s reality is another thing.

I’d challenge you to read and re-read this chapter – the whole thing, not just the verses we looked at today. We’ll be returning to Romans 6 for the next two weeks. Keep soaking in the Good News reality declared there, even if it is a struggle to bear that out in our lives


Coming Next: Enlisting Rightly and Gracious Freedom

Next week we will focus on verses 8-13, in which Paul reminds us that we were “formerly dead” but now alive, and uses some imagery of presenting ourselves in service to a just cause to help us understand what it means to live out this Good News reality.

Then the next week we will focus on verses 14-23, in which Paul uses imagery of slavery, mastery, and wages to help us understand that our spiritual freedom is a gift and is life, again to help us understand what it means to live out the Good News reality of being joined to the Risen Christ.

As we come to the Lord’s Table today, be reminded of this union as well. We eat and drink Jesus Christ to signify that we are joined to him in death and in new life. These are tangible reminders of the Good News that in Christ we are forgiven, set free, and invited in. Amen.